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The Waste Market Overview provides a very detailed analysis of the entire waste industry, examining the key business segments, and the evolving role of the major players. It examines the industry top to bottom covering waste generation, collection, processing, recovery and disposal by revenue and volume. The report details the relationship of past and future pricing to capacity and demand for disposal and shows the increasing role of the private sector. Waste equipment and the emerging importance of e-waste, C&D recovery, organics and food wastes, tires and medical wastes are also examined in detail. An accompanying Excel file details waste generation, recovery, movement among states and disposal in landfills and conversion to energy by state, region and for the entire U.S. by year from 1992 through 2019 and includes projections through 2023.
Market Revenues by Segment
Waste Generation, Recovery and Disposal by Volume and Revenue
Collection, Processing and Disposal Markets
Geographic Distribution of the Market
Other Waste Management Segments & Emerging Markets
Competition in Waste Among the Major Players
Resource Recovery Markets by Commodity
Waste Management Equipment
Report: 363 pages, includes tables, charts and graphs.
Waste Market Overview & Outlook 2019
With all the bad news focused on the trouble with recycling it's easy to overlook the overall strength of the U.S. waste management industry which grew by nearly 4 percent last year to $76 billion. Waste Business Journal's 363-page report: The Waste Market Overview & Outlook 2019 details the industry, its business segments, key market participants, and how they interact with one another and the overall economy.
Last year the trend towards increasing privatization continued as publicly-traded companies accounted for 60 percent of industry revenues. That is up from less than 50 percent in the early 90s when municipalities accounted for 35 percent of revenues. Municipalities account for just 19 percent today. The business of waste is 62 percent collection, 12 percent recycling and transfer, and 25 percent disposal, which includes landfilling and to a much lesser extent, waste-to-energy.
Source: Waste Business Journal
Components of the Waste Stream
The report details with historical and projected statistics of four primary non-hazardous waste streams: municipal solid waste (MSW), organic wastes, construction and demolition debris (C&D) and non-hazardous industrial and special wastes. The report estimates that the U.S. generated 456 million tons, or 7.6 pounds per person of MSW last year. This figure is significantly more than U.S. EPA estimates, but Waste Business Journal figures are based on individual facility surveys of every waste processing and disposal operation across the country. That includes landfills, transfer stations, recycling facilities, waste-to-energy plants, composting operations and more.
Of that 456 million tons of MSW, we recycled (or composted) 29 percent leaving 301 million tons (66 percent) that was landfilled and 8 million tons (6 percent) that was burned for energy recovery. The U.S. imported 8 million tons from other countries, mostly Canada. Publicly-traded companies handled 58 percent of total landfill volumes, while private companies accounted for 14 percent and municipally owned landfills 28 percent.
Pricing Increases Companies Share the Added Costs of Recycling with Customers
Meanwhile, landfill tipping fees have grown steadily over the years in line with inflation, growing demand for disposal amid fewer landfills and because the big firms have exercised more pricing discipline in recent years by avoiding costly battles over market share. The national average tipping fee for 2018 was $52.20, up from $32.90 in 1998. WTE tip fees showed slightly more variability over the 20-year timeframe. Tipping fees vary widely be region and in accordance with the availability of landfill capacity amidst population density and demand for disposal. Prices have risen faster in the Midwest and southeast as waste is exported to these regions from the Northeast.
Source: Waste Business Journal
Increased Efficiencies through Vertical Integration
Recent mergers including Waste Management's proposed takeover of Advanced Disposal, promises a reshaped industry much further along its path of privatization and concentration. The companies understand that one way to deal with turbulent economic times amidst rising fuel, labor and equipment costs is to streamline operations and vertically integrate their markets. Integrated companies can better utilize their landfills by controlling a greater percentage of surrounding collection assets.
Landfill Capacity Expected to Contract Further Especially in the Northeast
Landfills themselves are becoming more important as old sites close, demand for disposal steadily climbs, accelerated by recycled materials sent there that have been collected but have no market since China imposed much more stringent requirements. Consequently, remaining landfill capacity which has hovered around 20 years for the last decade, is expected to shrink to just 17 years by 2022. Landfill capacity is especially critical in the Northeast where capacity is expected to shrink to less than 10 years by that time.
Source: Waste Business Journal
Renewed Focus on Hedging Costs
Rising costs have focused company managers on disciplined price increases especially now that the industry is more consolidated, making them more attentive to return on invested capital, more rational about valuing existing landfill capacity and mindful of lessons in the past when pricing was sacrificed.
Past volatility of fuel costs and recent volatility in recycled commodity prices have led waste firms to share those increases with customers by adding surcharges to their contracts. Expect to see continued focus on controlling vehicle maintenance and insurance costs while investing in fleet upgrades and worker safety programs. Additional cash from operations will likely go towards "tuck-in" acquisitions, asset swaps and other vertical integration measures for which companies can reap immediate cost savings.
Relatively low natural gas prices together with a growing infrastructure of fueling facilities is leading companies and municipalities to invest in converting their fleets to compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) powered vehicles. Other benefits including lower emissions and quieter engines makes the fleets more welcome to the communities they serve. While helping the collection profitability, low natural gas prices are hurting the waste-to-energy business. Only one new mass burn plant has been built since 1995 and many waste conversion plants proposing to use advanced technologies have either been discontinued, cancelled or put on hold.
Other Segments and Waste Streams Covered:
Construction and Demolition Debris Generation, Recovery and Disposal
The growing problem of E-Waste, Legislation, Processors and Solutions
Renewed focus on Organics and new Food Waste Programs
Scrap Tires, Recycling and Conversion to Energy
Waste Industry Equipment, Manufacturers and Segments
And much more
Comprehensive Dataset Included
Included with this comprehensive and detailed 363-page report is an Excel dataset that includes historical and projected data on waste generation, recovery, exports, and disposal by landfill or WTE, remaining capacity and tipping fees for each major category of waste. The waste streams are broken out by MSW, organics, C&D, and industrial wastes. The statistics are aggregated by state, region and for the entire U.S.
1 ABOUT WASTE BUSINESS JOURNAL
1.1 About James Thompson, Jr.
1.2 Disclaimer of Warranty
1.3 Discrepancy with Numbers Published by the US EPA
1.4 Research Methodology
2 RECENT EVENTS & HISTORY
2.1 Market Overview
Industry Revenues Have Grown Steadily
Composition by Market Participant (towards industry consolidation)
Composition by Activity
Waste Generation and Recovery
Remaining Landfill Capacity Projected to Shrink by 2023
Landfill Capacity by Market Participant
2.2 Recent Events
Further Industry Consolidation
Food Waste gets More Focus
Franchise Markets in LA and New York
Laissez Faire EPA
States Move to Regulate Coal Ash Themselves
First New WTE Facility in 20 Year Opens
Increased Focus on Industry Safety
Ongoing debate over how to define "zero waste"
Ever Newer and Increased Deployment of Technology
2.3 Economic Outlook
Highly fragmented, low technology, and low cost
Changes in regulations
Waste disposal crisis of the late 80's
Economic and political incentive to increase recycling
Incentive to shop for lower disposal fees
Barriers to mobility: Flow control, Import bans and other legislative obstacles
Waste is increasingly hauled further away from the source of its generation
Effect of regulation on industry participants
Overbuilding and excess disposal capacity
Rising role of the private sector
Rising materials recovery rates
Problem of demand and capacity for recovered materials
Reengineering manufacturing to take advantage of recovered materials
Maturing market for recovered materials
3 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
3.1 Industry Overview: Size and Segments
Defining the Market
Supremacy of the publicly traded companies
Rising Fuel, Equipment, Insurance and Labor costs may provide incentive to hold pricing
Waste by Rail
Vertical Integration through roll ups and "tuck-ins"
Efficiency through Technology and Route Optimization
Full Service Approach
Repackaging themselves as Green Companies
3.2 Industry Overview: Total Generation, Recovery & Disposal
Municipal Solid Waste Generation and Disposal Trends
Growing Network of Transfer Stations
Solid Waste Management Segments
3.3 Collection Markets
Waste Collection Technology
3.4 Processing Markets
Transfer and Processing
Helped by higher pricing
Diversion and Product Stewardship
Take Back Programs
3.5 Disposal Markets
C&D Volumes Improving with the Economy
3.6 New Disposal Technology
3.7 Landfill Development and Operating Costs
Closure and Post Closure Costs
Annual Operating Expenses
3.8 Incinerator Operating Costs
3.9 Waste Management Market Dynamics and Geographic Distribution
3.10 Movement of Waste and Attempts to Control its Destiny
Waste by Rail
Interstate Waste Movement
3.11 Processing and Disposal Volume by Region
4 COMPETITION IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
4.1 Top Solid Waste Management Companies
Leading Waste Management Firms
4.2 Leading Firms in Waste to Energy
4.3 Industry Mergers and Acquisitions
Trends to look for in the coming year:
4.4 Municipal Solid Waste Authorities
5 LANDFILL CAPACITY
6 DISPOSAL VOLUMES AND PRICING
7 MATERIALS RECOVERY
7.1 Market Review
7.2 Resource Recovery Market
Introduction / Recent Events
A Brief History of Recycling
Economics of Recycling
Collection Methods: Single-stream vs. Dual-stream
Changing Composition of Recyclables
The Great Wall of China
The Good News
State Legislatures Push More Recycling Measures Including Landfill Bans
"Circular economy" and "zero waste"
Electronics Products Stewardship
7.3 Paper Recycling
7.4 Plastic Recycling
7.5 Aluminum Recycling
7.6 Steel Recycling
7.7 Glass Recycling
7.8 Largest Recycling Companies
8 OTHER SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SEGMENTS: SPECIAL AND INDUSTRIAL WASTES
8.1 Scrap Tire Recycling
8.2 Construction & Demolition Debris Disposal and Recycling
Components of Construction and Demolition Debris Wastes
C&D Pricing follows a similar pattern to that of MSW
MSW Pricing Historically Reflects Ratio of Demand for Disposal to Available Capacity (Supply)
Available Disposal (Supply) is Represented by Proximity to Landfills and Waste-to-Energy Plants
Need for Recovery
Firms Engaged in Recovery
Lack of Regulation Deters Investment
Lack of Regulation and Certification
Should E-waste Recycling Count Towards State Goals?
8.4 Lamp Recycling
9 WASTE CONVERSION
Business Climate for Waste Conversion
9.2 Food Wastes
Food Waste Recycling
States are Looking to Food Waste as Next Great Opportunity to Meet Recycling Goals
9.3 Yard Waste and Composting
Source Separation of Organics (SSO) Advances Slowly
Divert, Don't Dump
Anaerobic Digestion Emerging
Large Capacity AD
Compostable Organics out of Landfills by 2012; COOL 2012
9.4 Wood Wastes
9.5 Biogas (Anaerobic Digestion)
9.6 Landfill Gas
9.10 Gasification and Pyrolysis
10 STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS
11 WASTE MANAGEMENT EQUIPMENT
11.1 Waste Management Equipment Market
Rising Steel Prices and Other Problems
11.2 Waste Management Equipment Company Profiles
11.3 Leading Companies in Waste Management Equipment
Report Provided in Hardcopy and Electronic Formats, including a Spreadsheet!
In addition to the hardcopy, the report comes in three electronic formats: an Acrobat (pdf) file of the book, an Excel Spreadsheet with detailed data tables, and a PowerPoint presentation that contains both data and summary bullet points. The spreadsheet data is broken out by state, region and national and includes historical data back to 1991 and projections to 2023.
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