USDA Awards $25 Million to Iowa Waste-to-Ethanol Plant

Date: January 20, 2012

Source: Biotechnology Industry Organization

Maryland-based Fiberight LLC has been awarded a $25 million loan guarantee from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to build a plant near a landfill that will convert a portion of the municipal solid waste (MSW) stream into cellulosic ethanol. The 55,000-square foot plant at the Benton County landfill near Blairstown, Iowa is expected to produce 6 million gallons of ethanol when it becomes operational next year. "Projects like this are still unique and in the early stages and the model this company is using holds a lot of applications because there is no shortage of garbage," said Matt Hartwig, a spokesman for the Renewable Fuels Association. "He said there are other plants producing smaller amounts of cellulosic ethanol, on what is described as a demonstration scale, maybe 500,000 to 1 million gallons, but the Blairsburg plant will be among the first to reach commercial scale production." Fiberight, which also will have a smaller plant operating in Lawrenceville, VA, this year, will invest $20 million in the Iowa plant. It also received $2.5 million from the state. Fiberight's process employs enzymes that act on the waste which has been broken down into a pulp to produce sugar that is then fermented into ethanol.

January 20, 2012

BIO Thanks USDA, Congratulates Fiberight and Partners on Forward Progress in Commercializing Advanced Biofuels

Private companies continue to make progress in building advanced biofuel biorefineries. The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) today congratulates Fiberight and its technology partner Novozymes, a member of BIO, on their progress. BIO additionally thanks the U.S. Department of Agriculture for moving forward with loan guarantees that are vital to assisting new technologies attract capital.

Brent Erickson, executive vice president of BIO's Industrial & Environmental Section, stated, "The solution to America's energy security challenge lies in applying innovative biotechnology to convert biomass to advanced biofuels. The Fiberight biorefinery promises to create direct jobs in construction and operation as well as indirect jobs in ongoing research. We congratulate the companies on their progress toward commercialization of an innovative new source of transportation biofuels.

"BIO appreciates the efforts of the USDA to make its loan guarantee program work for advanced biofuel companies with technologies that contribute to U.S. energy security. For pioneering companies seeking capital to construct facilities, these public-private programs are a necessary and vital tool. Raising capital to begin construction on commercial projects has been tough since the recent economic downturn. But companies have made significant investments and continue to make progress toward commercial development of new technologies for advanced biofuels."

About BIO

BIO represents more than 1,100 biotechnology companies, academic institutions, state biotechnology centers and related organizations across the United States and in more than 30 other nations. BIO members are involved in the research and development of innovative healthcare, agricultural, industrial and environmental biotechnology products. BIO also produces the BIO International Convention, the world's largest gathering of the biotechnology industry, along with industry-leading investor and partnering meetings held around the world. BIO produces BIOtech NOW, an online portal and monthly newsletter chronicling "innovations transforming our world." Subscribe to BIOtech NOW.

May 25, 2011

Nation's First 'Trashanol' Begins Production in Iowa

  • Fiberight LLC produces fuel-grade ethanol from International Paper's recycling process organic waste

In a converted corn ethanol plant 25 minutes from Cedar Rapids, four-story tanks of renewable fuel are quietly bubbling away ready for conversion into fuel-grade ethanol later this week. What makes this fuel special is its main ingredient: instead of corn, Maryland-based Fiberight LLC, has found a way to turn one company's organic waste into valuable renewable fuel.

"Everyone from the average household to large industrial manufacturers is focused on reducing waste," said Fiberight CEO Craig Stuart-Paul. "But the reality is that there will always be a significant waste stream in this country. What's unique about our approach is that we can take that waste and turn it into billions of gallons of fuel to spur the nation's energy independence while at the same time reducing carbon emissions by more than 80 percent compared with gasoline."

One such industrial company is International Paper (NYSE: IP), one of the world's largest packaging and paper producers. The company started shipping Fiberight organic fiber waste from its Cedar River recycled paper mill at the beginning of May.

International Paper's Cedar River mill produces 1 million tons per year of recycled paper for corrugated packaging, made from old corrugated containers (OCC). About 95 percent of OCC can be recycled into new paper, but the remaining unusable fiber goes into the mill's waste stream. That adds up to about 50,000 tons of residual fiber waste each year. Previously, this residual fiber was sent to local agricultural companies for fertilizer, animal bedding and other land applications at a cost to International Paper.

"When Fiberight approached us in late 2008 with their idea for using our residual fiber to process renewable energy, we saw this as a potential win-win for both companies," said Tom Olstad, operations manager at International Paper's Cedar River mill. "As one of the largest recycled paper mills in the world, recycling and reusing raw materials is a big part of how we operate. Through Fiberight's new facility, we can now be assured that whatever recycled fiber can't be made into new packaging can be used to create green energy, while helping us offset our disposal costs."

The residual fiber waste from International Paper provides a good base-load feedstock for the biorefinery, and is consistent with business goals of International Paper to ensure responsible environmental stewardship, as well as reduce costs.

In addition, Fiberight will be introducing organic pulps made from residential trash to the plant later this month. The company has spent the last six years designing processes to separate this organic pulp from everyday waste, creating more recyclables and energy from other parts of the waste stream along the way.

"You can't just back up a trash truck to a corn ethanol plant and expect fuel to come out the other end," said Stuart-Paul. "We undertook extensive modifications to the plant to incorporate our proprietary digestion and fermentation techniques, as well as processes to help convert organic pulps into cellulosic sugars. I'm very pleased to say that these processes worked extremely well, and hats off to our engineering team, APS Engineering, for making this a reality."

Fiberight plans on spending approximately $25 million to fully convert the Blairstown plant and anticipates producing up to 6 million gallons a year of renewable cellulosic ethanol when the plant reaches capacity sometime in 2011.

"Our plans include integrating all the process developments we have learned at our Virginia pilot plant into one facility, and demonstrating the ability to create a series of products that bring a higher value to waste than simply disposing of it," Stuart-Paul said. "However, without the ability to convert the organic fraction (food scraps, packaging waste, diapers etc.) into fuels, or 'trashanol' as we like to call it, or even biochemicals that can be used to make bio-plastics, the economics don't work. It is Fiberight's ability to do this and to be one of the first in the nation doing so at this scale that sets us apart."

About Fiberight, LLC

Fiberight LLC is focused on both creating a new waste disposal option as well as offering an economic solution to the production of cellulosic ethanol. Fiberight is able to avoid the "food vs. fuel debate" as it employs the use of organic waste materials for conversion into valuable products. The company's innovative technology is able to fractionate the waste stream, in order to separate the recyclable components from the organic and plastics stream (as required for MSW feedstock under RFS2) for conversion of the cellulose and hemicellulose into ethanol and other biochemicals using enzymatic hydrolysis. The plastics fraction and methane collected from Fiberight's wastewater treatment processes can be used by Fiberight to create co-generation electricity to power its plant facilities for zero energy input. Greenhouse gas emissions are reduced over 80% from petroleum alternatives. The company's business model is to design, build, own and operate its plants. It is privately held and funded by VentureCross, Accenture Retired Partners Fund as well as a number of private equity investors who are focused on alternative, clean technology solutions The leadership team has depth of experience in the waste management, recycling, project development and biochemical industries. Fiberight's vision is to provide the U.S. with an economic source of renewable fuel derived from MSW and other organic wastes that also solves a major trash disposal problem for communities.

About International Paper

International Paper (NYSE: IP) is a global paper and packaging company with manufacturing operations in North America, Europe, Latin America, Russia, Asia and North Africa. Its businesses include industrial and consumer packaging and uncoated papers, and complemented by xpedx, the company's North American distribution company. Headquartered in Memphis, Tenn., the company employs more than 56,000 people in more than 20 countries and serves customers worldwide. 2009 net sales were approximately $23 billion. For more information about International Paper, its products and stewardship efforts, visit

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